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St Paul's C of E Primary School

Heathside Grove

LEARNING to make a difference

Week 4

 

TEXT 2 - Saxon Law & Order

 

The weregild payable for the murder of an Anglo-Saxon thane was 6,000 pennies.

The weregild for a king was 90,000!

 

The Anglo-Saxons didn't have prisons. People found guilty of crimes were either executed or punished with fines.

If they ran away, they became 'outlaws' (outside the law), and anyone could hunt them down - unless they hid in a church. The fine for breaking into someone's home was five shillings (25p), paid to the home-owner. For minor crimes like stealing, a nose or a hand might be cut off.

The Saxons had a system called 'weregild', which meant that if you injured someone, you had to pay for the damage!

If a person killed someone, they paid money to the dead person's relatives. The idea was to stop long fights or 'blood feuds' between families by making them pay money instead.

 

ANGLO SAXON BELIEFS     

In Roman Britain many people had been Christians. But the early Anglo-Saxons were not Christians, they were pagans. After the Romans left, Christianity continued in places where Anglo-Saxons did not settle, like Wales and the west. However, when the Anglo-Saxons came to Britain they brought their own gods and beliefs with them.

The king of the Anglo-Saxon gods was Woden, a German version of the Scandinavian god Odin, who had two pet wolves and a horse with eight legs.

Other gods were Thunor, god of thunder; Frige, goddess of love; and Tiw, god of war. These four Anglo-Saxon gods gave their names to the days of the week. Tiw became Tuesday, Woden - Wednesday, Thunor - Thursday and Frige - Friday.

Over time their beliefs changed and many Anglo-Saxons were converted to Christianity.

 

 

 

 

READ TEXT 2 Saxon Law and Order and Anglo Saxon Beliefs

  1. What is the purpose of the parenthesis in the sentence below?

………………………………………………………………………………

 The fine for breaking into someone's home was five shillings (25p), paid the home-owner. 

  1. What you call the underlined part of the sentence below? .....................................................................................................

The Saxons had a system called 'weregild', which meant that if you injured someone, you had to pay for the damage!

  1.  Circle the phrase that has the opposite meaning to the term

'blood feuds'

 

family argument   vendetta   brotherhood   dispute

 

  1. Tick one phrase that is a fronted adverbial

           The king of the Anglo-Saxon gods                                 ……..

           After the Romans left,                                                    ……..

           who had two pet wolves and a horse with eight legs.     ……..

      

            (outside the law),                                                              ……..

 

  1. Draw lines to match the names of days of the week that were named after saxon gods.

 

Frigor                                      Wednesday

Tiw                                           Friday

Woden                                   Tuesday

Thunor                                   Thursday

 

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